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|Chapter Name||Nutrition in Plants|
NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Solutions Chapter 1 Nutrition in Plants
Multiple Choice Questions
Organisms which prepare food for themselves using simple naturally available raw materials are referred to as
(b) Autotrophs are those organisms which are able to prepare their own food by the process of photosynthesis, e.g., green plants. Photosynthesis (Gk photos – light, synthesis) is an enzyme regulated anabolic process of manufacturing of organic compounds inside the chlorophyll containing cells from carbon dioxide and water with the help of sunlight as a source of energy.
In the absence of which of the following, will photosynthesis not occur in leaves?
(a) Guard cells
(d) Space between cells
(b) Chlorophyll is the green photosynthetic pigment, which is present in the cells of green leaves. It traps solar energy. This energy is then used to synthesise food from Co2 and water by the process of photosynthesis.
Which of the following statements is/are correct?
(i) All green plants can prepare their own food.
(ii) Most animals are autotrophs.
(iii) Carbon dioxide is not required for photosynthesis.
(iv) Oxygen is liberated during photosynthesis.
Choose the correct answer from the options below.
(a) (i) and (iv)
(b) (ii) only
(c) (ii) and (iii)
(d) (i) and (ii)
(a) Animals cannot manufacture their own food so they are heterotrophs, not autotrophs.
Carbon dioxide is a raw material for photosynthesis. In the process of photosynthesis, plants manufacture organic compounds, inside the chlorophyll containing cells from carbon dioxide and water with the help of solar energy. So, Co2 is essential for photosynthesis.
Pitcher plant traps insects because it
(a) is a heterotroph
(b) grows in soils which lack in nitrogen
(c) does not have chlorophyll
(d) has a digestive system like human beings.
(b) Pitcher plant (Nepenthes) is an insectivorous plant. It grows in the soils that are usually nitrogen-deficient. It is capable of photosynthesising and manufactures its carbohydrate food. But in order to obtain its nitrogen nutrition it traps and digests insects.
The term that is used for the mode of nutrition in yeast, mushroom and bread mould is
(c) Bread mould, yeast and mushroom are all fungi that derive their food from non¬living organic matter. They secrete digestive juices on organic matter which aid in its extracellular digestion and convert it into soluble form. Then they absorb this simplified soluble form of food through their body. This method of getting nutrients in the form of simple soluble form (liquid) is known as saprophytic nutrition.
When we observe the lower surface of a leaf through a magnifying lens we see numerous small openings. Which of the following is the term given to such openings?
(a) Lamina is the green expanded part of the leaf with veins and veinlets. Midrib is middle prominent vein. Veins provide rigidity to leaf and act as channels for transport of water, minerals and food materials. Stomata are the minute pores usually located on the underside of the leaves and take part in exchange of gases (02 and C02) during photosynthesis and respiration. They are surrounded by guard cells.
Two organisms are good friends and live together. One provides shelter, water and nutrients while the other prepares and provides food. Such an association of organisms is termed as
(d) Symbiosis is a special association where two different organisms live together and are mutually benefited. E.g., lichen is a symbiotic association between algae and fungus where fungal partner provides water, minerals and shelter to algal partner and algal partner provides nutrition (food) to fungal partner.
Which of the foliowing raw materials is available in the air for photosynthesis?
(b) Carbon dioxide
(b) Carbon dioxide is the raw material for photosynthesis which is present in air. Photosynthesis is an enzyme regulated anabolic process of manufacture of organic compounds inside the chlorophyll containing cells from carbon dioxide and water with the help of sunlight as a source of energy.
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Potato and ginger are both underground parts that store food. Where is the food prepared in these plants?
In potato and ginger plants, leaves are above ground whereas underground stems store the reserve food material. The leaves prepare food through photosynthesis and transport it to the underground parts for storage.
Photosynthesis requires chlorophyll, and a few other raw materials. Add the missing raw materials to the list given below:
Water, minerals, __ (a)___,___(b)___
(a) Sunlight energy
(b) Carbon dioxide
Short Answer Type Questions
A goat eats away all the leaves of a small plant (balsam). However, in a few days, new leaves could be seen sprouting in the plant again. How did the plant survive without leaves?
Balsam is a small herbaceous plant. It has green stems which can carry out photosynthesis. Hence, even in the absence of leaves balsam plant could survive due to its photosynthesising stems.
Unscramble the following to form terms related to modes of nutrition.
Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plant growth. But farmers who cultivate pulse crops like green gram, bengal gram, black gram, etc. do not apply nitrogenous fertilisers during cultivation. Why?
Pulse crops like green gram, bengal gram, black gram etc., are the leguminous crops which have symbiotic association with Rhizobium bacteria. Rhizobium converts the atmospheric nitrogen into a soluble form (nitrogen fixation) in the soil. Plants absorb this soluble form of nitrogen from the soil. Thus, growing of leguminous crops helps to enrich soil with nitrogen and there is no need to apply nitrogenous fertilisers to the leguminous crops.
Wheat dough if left in the open, after few days, starts to emit a foul smell and becomes unfit for use. Give reason.
Carbohydrate in wheat dough encourages growth of yeast and other saprophytic fungi which breakdown carbohydrates and emit a foul smell.
Sunlight, chlorophyll, carbon dioxide, water and minerals are raw materials essential for photosynthesis. Do you know where they are available? Fill in the blanks with the appropriate raw ipaterials.
(a) Available in the plant: _______
(b) Available in the soil : ________
(c) Available in the air: _________
(d) Available during day: ________
(a) Chlorophy II
(b) Water, minerals
(c) Carbon dioxide
Observe the diagram given as figure 1.1 and label the following terms given in the box.
[Stomatal opening, Guard cell]
The labelled diagram is as follows:
Long Answer Type Questions
Match the organisms given in column I with their mode of nutrition given in column II.
|Column 1||Column II|
|(a)||Mango tree||(i)||Insectivorous plant|
Wild animals like tiger, wolf, lion and leopard do not eat plants. Does this mean that they can survive without plants? Can you provide a suitable explanation?
Wild animals like tiger, wolf, lion and leopard do not eat plants. They are carnivorous i.e., they hunt and eat animals which can be herbivorous or carnivorous. Herbivorous animals obtain their food directly from plants i.e., they eat plants or plant products. If there are no plants, herbivorous animals will not survive and thus carnivorous animals feeding on them will also not survive. It implies that all the animals depend on plants directly or indirectly for food.
Fill in the blanks of the paragraph given below with the words provided in the box.
[ Chlorophyll, Energy, Food, Carbon dioxide. Water, Photosynthesis]
(Note: A word can be used more than once)
Leaves have a green pigment called ____(a)_____ which captures _____(b) _____ from sunlight. This ______(c)________ is used in the process of _____(d)_____ and along with other raw materials like ______ (e) _____ and ____ (f) ______ synthesises ______.
(e) carbon dioxide
Spot as many organisms as possible in the puzzle given as figure 1.2 by encircling them as shown. Write the names on a sheet of paper and categorise them into autotrophs and heterotrophs. Classify the heterotrophs into herbivores, carnivores, omnivores and saprophytes.
Autotrophs – rose, mango, bhindi, carrot, banyan, tulsi, ginger, yam
Heterotrophs – elephant, ant, yeast, tiger, mushroom, fox, mice, owl, cow, crow, rabbit, bee, fish, ape
Herbivores – elephant, cow, rabbit, bee
Carnivores – tiger
Omnivores – ant, mice, owl, crow, fox, ape
Saprophytes – mushroom, yeast
Note: Fish can be herbivore, carnivore or omnivore depending on the species.
Can you give me a name?
Solve each of the following riddles by writing the name of the organism and its mode of nutrition. One riddle is solved to help you.
(a) I am tall but I cannot move. I am green and can prepare my own food. Tree, autotroph
(b) I live in water; people keep me in an aquarium and feed me. _______ , _________
(c) I am small and I can fly. I disturb your sleep, bite you and suck your blood which is my food. _______ , _________
(d) I am white and soft. I grow well in the rainy seasons. Children pluck me from the ground and admire me. I absorb nutrients from decomposed dead parts of plants and animals in the soil. _______ , _________
(b) Fish, heterotroph
(c) Mosquito, parasite
(d) Mushroom, saprophyte
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