# NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Maths Chapter 8 Rational Numbers

In this chapter, we provide NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 8 Rational Numbers for English medium students, Which will very helpful for every student in their exams. Students can download the latest NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 8 Rational Numbers pdf. Now you will get step by step solution to each question.

## NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Maths Chapter 8 Rational Numbers

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

Question 1:
A rational number is defined as a number that can be expressed in the form p/q, where p and q are integers and
(a) q = 0                               (b) q = 1
(c) q ≠ 1                                 (d) q ≠ 0
Solution :
(d) By definition, a number that can be expressed in the form of p/q, where p and q are integers and q≠0, is called a rational number.

Question 2:
Which of the following rational numbers is positive?

Solution :
(c) We know that, when numerator and denominator of a rational number, both are negative,
it is a positive rational number.
Hence, among the given rational numbers $left( frac { -3 }{ -4 }right)$ is positive.

Question 3:
Which of the following rational numbers is negative?

Solution :

Question 4:
In the standard form of a rational number, the common factor of numerator and denominator is always
(a) 0        (b) 1        c) -2        (d)2
Solution :
(b) By definition, in the standard form of a rational number, the common factor of numerator and denominator is always1
Note: Common factor means, a number which divides both the given two numbers.

Question 5:
Which of the following rational numbers is equal to its reciprocal?
(a) 1        (b) 2        c) 1/2        (d)0
Solution :

Question 6:
The reciprocal of 1/2 is
(a) 3        (b) 2        c) -1       (d)0
Solution :
(b) Reciprocal of $frac { 1 }{ 2 } =frac { 1 }{ frac { 1 }{ 2 } }$ =2

Question 7:
The standard form of $frac { -48 }{ 60 }$ is

Solution :

Question 8:
Which of the following is equivalent to 4/5 ?

Solution :

Note: If the numerator and denominator of a rational number is multiplied/divided by a non-zero integer, then the result we get, is equivalent rational number.

Question 9:
How many rational numbers are there between two rational numbers?
(a) 1                                                               (b) 0
(c) unlimited                                               (d) 100
Solution :
(c) There are unlimited numbers between two rational numbers.

Question 10:
In the standard form of a rational number, the denominator is always a
(a) 0                                                               (b) negative  integer
(c) positive integer                                      (d) 1
Solution :
(c) By definition, a rational number is said to be in the standard form, if its denominator is a positive integer.

Question 11:
To reduce a rational number to its standard form, we divide its numerator and denominator by their
(a) LCM                                                       (b)    HCF
(c) product                                                  (d)    multiple
Solution :
(b) To reduce a rational number to its standard form, we divide its numerator and denominator by their HCF.

Question 12:
Which is greater number in the following?
(a) –$frac { 1 }{ 2 }$                           (b) 0                             (c) $frac { 1 }{ 2 }$                      (d)-2
Solution :

Fill in the Blanks

In questions 13 to 46, fill in the blanks to make the statements true.

Question 13:
$frac { -3 }{ 8 }$ is a rational number
Solution :
The given rational number $frac { -3 }{ 8 }$ is a negative number, because its numerator is negative integer.
Hence, $frac { -3 }{ 8 }$ is a negative rational number.

Question 14:
is a____rational number.
Solution :
The given rational number 1 is positive number, because its numerator and denominator are positive integer.
Hence, 1 is a positive rational number.

Question 15:
The standard form of $frac { -8 }{ 36 }$ is______ .
Solution :

Question 16:
The standard form of $frac { 18 }{ -24}$ is______ .
Solution :

Question 17:
On a number line, $frac { -1 }{ 2 }$ is to the______of Zero(0).
Solution :

Note All the negative numbers lie on the left side of zero on the number line

Question 18:
On a number line, $frac { 3}{ 4}$ is to the______of Zero(0).
Solution :
On a number line, $frac { 3 }{ 4 }$ is to the right of Zero(0).

Note All the positive numbers lie on the right side of zero on the number line.

Question 19:
$frac { -1 }{ 2 }$ is _____ than $frac { 1 }{ 5 }$.
Solution :

Question 20:
$frac { -3 }{ 5 }$ is _____ than 0.
Solution :

Question 21:
$frac { -16 }{ 24 }$ and $frac { 20 }{ -16 }$ represent_______ rational numbers.
Solution :

Question 22:
$frac { -27 }{ 45 }$ and $frac { -3 }{ 5 }$ represent_______ rational numbers.
Solution :

Question 23:
Additive inverse of $frac { 2 }{ 3 }$ is_____.
Solution :
Since, additive inverse is the negative of a number.
Hence, additive inverse of $frac { 2 }{ 3 }$ is $frac { -2 }{ 3 }$.
Note Additive inverse is a number, which when added to a given number, we get result as zero.

Question 24:
$frac { -3 }{ 5 }$ + $frac { 2 }{ 5 }$ = _____.
Solution :

Question 25:
$frac { -5 }{ 6 }$$frac { -1 }{ 6 }$ = ______.
Solution :

Question 26:
$frac { 3 }{ 4 }times left( frac { -2 }{ 3 }right)$ = _____.
Solution :

Question 27:
$frac { -5 }{ 3 }times left( frac { -3 }{ 5 }right)$ = _____.
Solution :

Question 28:
Given, $frac { -6 }{ 7 } =bar { 42 }$
Solution :

Question 29:
$frac { 1 }{ 2 }$ = $frac { 6 }{ - }$
Solution :

Question 30:
$frac { -2 }{ 9 }$ – $frac { 7 }{ 9 }$ = _____
Solution :

In questions 31  to 35,  fill in the boxes with the correct symbol ‘<‘,'<‘ or ‘=’.

Question 31:
$frac { 7 }{ -8 } Box frac { 8 }{ 9 }$
Solution :

Question 32:
$frac { 3 }{ 7 } Box frac { -5 }{ 6 }$
Solution :

Question 33:
$frac { 5 }{ 6 } Box frac { 4 }{ 8 }$
Solution :

Question 34:
$frac { -9 }{ 7 }
Solution :

Question 35:
$frac { 8 }{ 8 } Box frac { 2 }{ 2 }$
Solution :

Question 36:
The reciprocal of_______ does not exist.
Solution :
The reciprocal of zero does not exist, as reciprocal of 0 is 1/0, which is not defined.

Question 37:
The reciprocal of 1 is_______
Solution :
The reciprocal of 1=1/1
Hence, the reciprocal of 1 is 1.

Question 38:
$frac { -3 }{ 7 } div left( frac { -7 }{ 3 }right)$ =________
Solution :

Question 39:
$0div left( frac { -5 }{ 6 }right)$ =_________
Solution :

Question 40:
$0times left( frac { -5 }{ 6 }right)$ =_________
Solution :
Hence,$0times left( frac { -5 }{ 6 }right)$ =0
Because, zero multiplies by any number result is zero.

Question 41:
_____ x $left( frac { -2 }{ 5 }right)$ =1
Solution :

Question 42:
The standard form of rational number – 1 is_______.
Solution :
∴ HCF of given rational number -1 is 1.
For standard form = -1 +1 = -1
Hence, the standard form of rational number -1 is -1.

Question 43:
If m is a common divisor of a and b, then $frac { a }{ b } =frac { a+m }{ - }$
Solution :

Question 44:
If p and q are positive integers, then $frac { p }{ q }$ is a______ rational number and $frac { p }{ -q }$ is a_____ rational number.
Solution :
if p and q are positive integers, then p/q is a positive rational number, because both numerator and denominator are positive and $frac { p }{ -q }$ is a negative rational number, because denominator is in negative

Question 45:
Two rational numbers are said to be equivalent or equal, if they have the same_______form.
Solution :
Two rational numbers are said to be equivalent or equal, if they have the same simplest form.

Question 46:
If p/q is a rational number, then q cannot be_____________
Solution :
By definition, if B is a rational number, then q cannot be zero.

True/False

In questions 47 to 65, state whether the following statements are True or False.

Question 47:
Every natural number is a rational number, but every rational number need not be a natural number.
Solution :
True
e.g. 1/2 is a rational number, but not a natural number.

Question 48:
Zero is a rational number.
Solution :
True
e.g. Zero can be written as 0 = 0/1. We know that, a number of the form $frac { p }{ q }$, where p, q are integers and q ≠ 0 is a rational number. So, zero is a rational number.

Question 49:
Every integer is a rational number but every rational number need not be an integer.
Solution :
True
Integers…. – 3,-2,-1, 0,1,2, 3,…
Rational numbers:
$1,frac { -1 }{ 2 } ,0,frac { 1 }{ 2 } 1,frac { 3 }{ 2 } ,$……
Hence, every integer is rational number, but every rational number is not an integer.

Question 50:
Every negative integer is not a negative rational number.
Solution :
False
Because all the integers are rational numbers, whether it is negative/positive but vice-versa is not true.

Question 51:
If $frac { p }{ q }$ is a rational number and m is a non-zero integer, then
$frac { p }{ q } =frac { ptimes m }{ qtimes m }$
Solution :
True
e.g. Let m = 1,2, 3,…

Note: When both numerator and denominator of a rational number are multiplied/divide by a same non-zero number, then we get the same rational number

Question 52:
If $frac { p }{ q }$ is a rational number and m is a non-zero common divisor of p and q, then
$frac { p }{ q } =frac { pdiv m }{ qdiv m }$
Solution :

Question 53:
In a rational number, denominator always has to be a non-zero integer.
Solution :
Basic definition of the rational number is that, it is in the form of $frac { p }{ q }$, where q ≠ 0. It is because any number divided by zero is not defined.

Question 54:
If $frac { p }{ q }$ is a rational number and m is a non-zero integer, then $frac { ptimes m }{ qtimes m }$  is a rational number not equivalent to $frac { p }{ q }$.
Solution :

Question 55:
Sum of two rational numbers is always a rational number.
Solution :
True
Sum of two rational numbers is always a rational number, it is true.
$frac { 1 }{ 2 } +frac { 2 }{ 3 } =frac { 3+4 }{ 6 } =frac { 7 }{ 6 }$

Question 56:
All decimal numbers are also rational numbers.
Solution
True
All decimal numbers are also rational numbers, it is true.
$0.6=frac { 6 }{ 10 } =frac { 3 }{ 5 }$

Question 57:
The quotient of two rationals is always a rational number.
Solution :
False
The quotient of two rationals is not always a rational number.
e.g. 1/0.

Question 58:
Every fraction is a rational number.
Solution :
True
Every fraction is a rational number but vice-versa is not true.

Question 59:
Two rationals with different numerators can never be equal.
Solution :
False

Question 60:
8 can be written as a rational number with any integer as denominator.
Solution :
8 can be written as a rational number with any integer as denominator, it is false because 8 can be written as a rational number with 1 as denominator i.e.8/1.

Question 61:
$frac { 4 }{ 6 }$ is equivalent to $frac { 2 }{ 3 }$
Solution :
True

Question 62:
The rational number $frac { -3 }{ 4 }$ lies to the right of zero on the number line.
Solution :
False

Question 63:
The rational number$frac { -12 }{ 15 }$ and $frac { -7 }{ 17 }$ are on the opposite sides of zero on the number line.
Solution :

Question 64:
Every rational number is a whole number.
Solution :
False
e.g. $frac { -7 }{ 8 }$ is a rational number, but it is not a whole number, because whole numbers are  0,1,2….

Question 65:
Zero is the smallest rational number.
Solution :
False
Rational numbers can be negative and negative rational numbers are smaller than zero.

Question 66:
Match the following:

Solution :

Question 67:
Write each of the following rational numbers with positive denominators.
$frac { 5 }{ -8 } ,+frac { 15 }{ 28 } frac { -17 }{ 13 }$
Solution :

Question 68:
Express $frac { 3 }{ 4 }$ as a rational number with denominator:
(a)36     (b) — 80
Solution :

Question 69:
Reduce each of the following rational numbers in its lowest form
(i) $frac {- 60 }{ 72 }$
(ii) $frac {91 }{ -364 }$
Solution :

Question 70:
Express each of the following rational numbers in its standard form

Solution :

Question 71:
Are the rational numbers $frac {-8 }{ 28 }$ and $frac {32 }{ -12 }$ equivalent? Give reason.
Solution :

Question 72:
Arrange the rational numbers $frac { -7 }{ 10 } ,frac { 5 }{ -8 } ,frac { 2 }{ -3 } ,frac { -1 }{ 4 } ,frac { -3 }{ 5 }$ in ascending order.
Solution :

Question 73:
Represent the following rational numbers on a number line.
$frac { 3 }{ 8 } ,frac { -7 }{ 3 } ,frac { 22 }{ -6 }$
Solution :

Question 74:
If $frac { -5 }{ 7 }$ = $frac {times }{ 28 }$ find the value of x.
Solution :

Question 75:
Give three rational numbers equivalent to
(i) $frac { -3 }{ 4 }$
(ii) $frac { 7 }{ 11 }$
Solution :

Question 76:
Write the next three rational numbers to complete the pattern:

Solution :

Question 77:
List four rational numbers between $frac { 5 }{ 7 }$ and $frac { 7 }{ 8 }$.
Solution :

Question 78:
Find the sum of

Solution :

Question 79:
Solve:

Solution :

Question 80:
Find the product of

Solution :

Question 81:
Simplify:

Solution :

Question 82:
Simplify:

Solution :

Question 83:
Which is greater in the following?

Solution :

Question 84:
Write a rational number in which the numerator is less than ‘-7 x 11′ and the denominator is greater than ’12+ 4’.
Solution :

Question 85:
If x = $frac { 1 }{ 10 }$  and y = $frac { -3 }{ 8 }$, then evaluate x + y, x-y, xxy and x ÷ y.
Solution :

Question 86:
Find the reciprocal of the following:

Solution :

Question 87:
Complete the following table by finding the sums.

Solution :

Question 88:
Write each of the following numbers in the form p/q, where p and q are  integers.
(a) six-eighths            (b) three and half
(c) opposite of 1         (d) one-fourth
(e) zero                        (f) opposite of three-fifths
Solution :

Question 89:
$frac { p }{ q }$ = $frac { Box }{ Box }$
Solution :

Question 90:
Given that, $frac { p }{ q }$ and $frac { r }{ s }$ are two rational numbers with different denominators and both of them are in standard form. To compare these rational numbers, we say that

Solution :

Question 91:
In each of the following cases, write the rational number whose numerator and denominator are respectively as under:
(a) 5-39 and 54-6                         (b) (- 4) x 6 and 8 ÷ 2
(c) 35 ÷ (- 7) and 35 -18               (d) 25 +15 and 81÷40
Solution :

Question 92:
Write the following as rational numbers in their standard forms.

Solution :

Question 93:
Find a rational number exactly halfway between

Solution :

Question 94:

Solution :

Question 95:
What should be added to $frac { -1 }{ 2 }$ to obtain the nearest natural number?
Solution :

Question 96:
What should be subtracted from $frac { -2 }{ 3 }$ to obtain the nearest integer?
Solution :

Question 97:
What should be multiplied with $frac { -5 }{ 8 }$ to obtain the nearest integer?
Solution :

Question 98:
What should be divided by $frac { -1 }{ 2 }$ to obtain the greatest negative integer?
Solution :

Question 99:
From a rope 68 m long, pieces of equal size are cut. If length of one piece is $4frac { 1 }{ 4 }$ m, find the number of such pieces.
Solution :

Question 100:
If 12 shirts of equal size can be prepared from 27 m cloth, what is length of cloth required for each shirt?
Solution :

Question 101:
Insert 3 equivalent rational numbers between

Solution :

Question 102:
Put the (✓), wherever applicable

Solution :

Question 103:
‘o’ and ‘b’ are two different numbers taken from the numbers 1-50. What is the largest value that $frac { a-b }{ a+b }$ can have? What is the largest $frac { a+b }{ a-b }$ can have?
Solution :

Question 104:
150 students are studying English, Maths or both. 62% of the students are studying English and 68% are studying Maths. How many students are studying both?
Solution :

Question 105:
A body floats $frac { 2 }{ 9 }$ of its volume above the surface. What is the ratio of the body submerged volume to its exposed volume? Rewrite it as a rational number.
Solution :

In questions 106 to 109, find the odd one out of the following and give reason.

Question 106:

Solution :

Question 107:

Solution :

Question 108:

Solution :

Question 109:

Solution :
From the above given rational numbers, we can see that $frac { -7 }{ 3 }$ is in its lowest form while others have common factor in numerator and denominator.

Question 110:
What’s the Error? Chhaya simplified a rational number is this manner  $frac { -25}{ -30 }$ = $frac { -5}{ -6 }$ What error did the student make?
Solution :

All Chapter NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions For Class 7 maths

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All Subject NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions For Class 7

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